UVM has an internal database table in which we can store values under a given name and can be retrieved later by some other testbench component. The uvm_config_db class provides a convenience interface on top of the uvm_resource_db to simplify the basic interface used for uvm_component instances. Note that all the functions are static and must be called using the :: scope operator.
Such a configuration database allows us to store different configuration settings under different names that could potentially configure testbench components when required without modifying the actual testbench code. For example, to turn on functional coverage for an agent, we would simply have to give the path to that agent and set a variable within the configuration database to value 1. The agent could check for the value under this variable and start collecting coverage if it is turned on.
staticfunctionvoidset(uvm_component cntxt,string inst_name,string field_name,
Use this static function of the class uvm_config_db to set a variable in the configuration database. In the example below, set() function will set a variable of name cov_enable at the path uvm_test_top.m_env.m_apb_agent with value 1.